SOCIAL DETERMINANTS CONTRIBUTING FOR PERSISTENT MANUAL SCAVENGING PRACTICES – A CASE STUDY  By Ponnuchamy[1], A. Thomas William[2], V. Davis Raja[3] and B. Alex Pandi[4]

Abstract

Arunthathiyars are forced to engage in menial jobs such as scavenging works like removal of human excreta, removal of animal carcass, etc., mending of shoes, slippers, leathers, drums, etc, burning of deceased human bodies, playing bands for funerals and other practices. This study aimed at unveiling the types of manual scavenging practices the manual scavengers engaged on and to observe the social determinants that prevent them to relieve from such scavenging practices. Case study method was adopted by considering the Edayapottalpatti village in Srivilliputhur block in Virudhunagar district. Qualitative techniques such as non-participant observations and focus group discussion with the manual scavengers were conducted for primary data collection. Less education, controlled occupation mobility and restricted association of the focused manual scavengers and the poor inertia of law have pushed them to continue in the manual scavenging practices.

Key words: Arunthathiyars, Manual scavenging practice

[1]   Scholar, Manonmaniam Sundranar University, Tirunelveli

[2]   Associate Professor & Post Doctoral Awardee, Dept. of Applied Research, Gandhigram Rural Institute – Deemed University

[3]   Scholar, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore

[4]   Scholar, Manonmaniam Sundranar University, Tirunelveli

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